Republican PartyRetired NeurosurgeonFloridaMay 3, 2015www.BenCarson.comBen Carson is the former director of pediatric neurosurgery at Johns Hopkins University Medical Center. Carson grew up in a poor, single-parent household in Detroit, but went to college at Yale. He is the recipient of several distinguished honors, including the Presidential Medal of Freedom, and he was named a living legend by the Library of Congress. Carson has also written several New York Times best-selling books, and runs a foundation that promotes education and reading. He has not held public office in his career.